By Barbara Belyea
Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing facility in June 1754 to wintry weather with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally stored a magazine during which he defined the plains sector and took be aware of rival French investors’ luck at their inland posts. a duplicate of Henday’s magazine was once instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even if they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what good fortune he had in opposing rival French investors. for the reason that then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s 12 months inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; in basic terms 4 copies, relationship from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. every one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the variations diversity from variation spellings to notice option to contradictory statements on very important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of a firm clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to aid his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling rules. Twentieth-century students have established their claims for Henday’s value as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A yr Inland offers all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a remark that reassesses the journal’s info on plains geography, humans and exchange.
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Extra resources for A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company Winterer
Most editorial introductions include a statement of respect for original documents—a statement which prefaces a list of the changes and intrusive emendations that (respect aside) have been imposed on the edited text. In very recent editions, manuscript sources have been clearly identified and in some instances described. But although they make insistent claims that they have faithfully transcribed these sources, recent editors continue the Canadian historical tradition of fairly heavy emendation, interpolation and annotation.
7 Cf. 2/1, Isham, ‘‘Observations on Hudson’s Bay,’’ dedication to the London Committee (f. , appendix B to Graham, Obser vations on Hudson’s Bay, 359. 2/9 is copied in several hands, one of them Matthew Cocking’s, and can be dated 1771-73. 2/9, entirely in Cocking’s hand. 2/5). 9 Williams, ‘‘Andrew Graham and Thomas Hutchins,’’ 8, 12-14. 10 Heawood, 26-27, 29-34 and catalogue; see also Gravell and Miller, xv-xvi. 11 Williams, ‘‘The Puzzle of Anthony Henday’s Journal,’’ 48. 12 Williams, ‘‘The Puzzle of Anthony Henday’s Journal,’’ 48, 54.
These rules remain unchanged from the first edition, published in 1987. Kline, 97-99. Maas is the standard account of recension as practised in classical scholarship—see Reynolds and Wilson, 186-213, for a summary explanation. Vinaver provides clear examples of textual emendation. The work of classical scholars and medievalists is of relevance here because they address the problems particularly associated with manuscript transmission more thoroughly than documentary editors or textual critics of post-Renaissance literature.
A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company Winterer by Barbara Belyea